Types-of-Braces-Dr Kadu
Dr Preeti Kadu

Dr Preeti Kadu

Dr. Preeti Kadu is founder and chief dentist of Kadu Dental-Orthodontic Clinic,has more than 16 years of dental practice experience.

5 Types of Braces and Their Pros & Cons

There are several different types of dental braces that may be recommended to improve the alignment of teeth. Each type is associated with a unique set of advantages and disadvantages that must be taken into consideration to decide the best treatment option. Here is a list :

Traditional Metal Braces

Traditional braces involve brackets and wires, usually made out of metal, which is attached to the teeth and allows their positioning to be altered as required. Heat-activated archwires are a relatively new addition to traditional braces. These utilise body heat in the mouth to allow the teeth to move them more quickly and with less discomfort. This type of braces is one of the most common types of braces in use today. It is possible to improve their appearance somewhat by using different coloured bands over the braces.

Pros: This type of braces is typically the least expensive option while being very effective.

Cons: They are the most noticeable type and some people may feel self-conscious about their appearance.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are very similar to the traditional metal braces in size and shape, but they are constructed of a ceramic material that blends into the natural color of the teeth so that the braces are less noticeable. This type is just as effective as traditional braces at achieving the movement of teeth into desired positions.

Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners.

Cons: More expensive than metal braces; Brackets can stain easily if patients don’t care for them well.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces similar to traditional braces in that they are made out of metal, but they are attached to the inside of the teeth so that they cannot be easily seen from the outside. Your lingual brace will look and function just like a fixed brace, using brackets and wires to gradually move your teeth. 

Pros: They are completely hidden from sight. They can be used to treat the majority of problems.

Cons: Difficult to clean, more expensive, not appropriate for severe cases, can be more uncomfortable at first; regular adjustments take longer and are more difficult than with traditional braces.

Invisalign/Clear Aligner

It consists of a series of 18 to 30 mouth guard-like plastic aligners. The aligners are removable and are replaced every 2 weeks. Your Invisalign aligners will be custom-made just for you, and each one will move your teeth little-by-little. Invisalign is a popular removable brace that uses clear aligners to straighten teeth.

Pros: Because there are no metal wires or brackets, Invisalign/Clear Aligner is very discreet. Just make sure you wear your brace for a minimum of 20 hours each day. It can be removed for eating, drinking and teeth brushing. Your clinician will be able to show you a digital representation of how your teeth should look once you finish your treatment. 

Cons: Will does not work for serious dental problems, only available for adults and teens, not children. A more expensive option, can be easily lost and costly to replace. Treatment may potentially take longer.

Self-Ligating Braces

Self-ligating braces are very similar in appearance to traditional metal braces, but utilize clips rather than elastic bands to hold the wire of the brace in place. As a result, there is less friction on the braces and it is usually easier for the individual to keep the braces and teeth clean. They are now available with clear or ceramic brackets, making them far more discreet. 

Pros: Self-ligating braces can be used to effectively treat simple or complex problems. They can also, achieve precise results by giving your clinician complete control over the way your teeth move. 

Cons: Clear self-ligating braces are not completely hidden. You will need to brush carefully around brackets and wires in order to keep your teeth clean. They are often more expensive. 

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